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Girl justfying idol worship of Krishna to Dr Zakir Naik at Mumbai Urdu Peace Conference






We can gain a better understanding of the concept of God in Hinduism by analysing Hindu scriptures.



BHAGAVAD GITA

The most popular amongst all the Hindu scriptures is the Bhagavad Gita.



Consider the following verse from the Gita:

"Those whose intelligence has been stolen by material desires surrender
unto demigods and follow the particular rules and regulations of worship
according to their own natures."[Bhagavad Gita 7:20]





The Gita states that people who are materialistic worship demigods i.e. 'gods' besides the True God.





UPANISHADS:

The Upanishads are considered sacred scriptures by the Hindus.



The following verses from the Upanishads refer to the Concept of God:



"Ekam evadvitiyam"

"He is One only without a second."[Chandogya 6:2:1]



"Na casya kascij janita na cadhipah."

"Of Him there are neither parents nor lord."[Svetasvatara 6:9]



"Na tasya pratima asti"

"There is no likeness of Him."[Svetasvatara 4:19]



The following verses from the Upanishad allude to the inability of man to imagine God in a particular form:



"Na samdrse tisthati rupam asya, na caksusa pasyati kas canainam."



"His form is not to be seen; no one sees Him with the eye."

[Svetasvatara Upanishad 4:20]4







THE VEDAS

Vedas are considered the most sacred of all the Hindu scriptures. There
are four principal Vedas: Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samveda and Atharvaveda.



Yajurveda

The following verses from the Yajurveda echo a similar concept of God:



"na tasya pratima asti

"There is no image of Him."[Yajur 32:3]



"shudhama poapvidham"

"He is bodyless and pure."[Yajur 40:8]6



"Andhatama pravishanti ye asambhuti mupaste"

"They enter darkness, those who worship the natural elements" (Air,
Water, Fire, etc.). "They sink deeper in darkness, those who worship
sambhuti." [Yajur 40:9]



[Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, etc.]



The Yajurveda contains the following prayer:

"Lead us to the good path and remove the sin that makes us stray and wander."[Yajur 40:16]





Atharvaveda

The Atharvaveda praises God in Book 20, hymn 58 and verse 3:



"Dev maha osi"

"God is verily great" [Atharva 20:58:3]



Rigveda

The oldest of all the vedas is Rigveda. It is also the one considered
most sacred by the Hindus. The Rigveda states in Book 1, hymn 164 and
verse 46:

"Sages (learned Priests) call one God by many names." [Rig 1:164:46]



The Rigveda gives several different attributes to Almighty God. Many of these are mentioned in Rigveda Book 2 hymn 1.



Among the various attributes of God, one of the beautiful attributes
mentioned in the Rigveda Book II hymn 1 verse 3, is Brahma. Brahma means
'The Creator'. Translated into Arabic it means Khaaliq. Muslims can
have no objection if Almighty God is referred to as Khaaliq or 'Creator'
or Brahma. However if it is said that Brahma is Almighty God who has
four heads with each head having a crown, Muslims take strong exception
to it.



Describing Almighty God in anthropomorphic terms also goes against the following verse of Yajurveda:



"Na tasya Pratima asti"

"There is no image of Him."[Yajur 32:3]



Another beautiful attribute of God mentioned in the Rigveda Book II hymn
1 verse 3 is Vishnu. Vishnu means 'The Sustainer'. Translated into
Arabic it means Rabb. Again, Muslims can have no objection if Almighty
God is referred to as Rabb or 'Sustainer' or Vishnu. But the popular
image of





Vishnu among Hindus, is that of a God who has four arms, with one of the
right arms holding the Chakra, i.e. a discus and one of the left arms
holding a 'conch shell', or riding a bird or reclining on a snake couch.
Muslims can never accept any image of God. As mentioned earlier this
also goes against Svetasvatara Upanishad Chapter 4 verse 19.



"Na tasya pratima asti"

"There is no likeness of Him"



The following verse from the Rigveda Book 8, hymn 1, verse 1 refer to the Unity and Glory of the Supreme Being:



"Ma cid anyad vi sansata sakhayo ma rishanyata"

"O friends, do not worship anybody but Him, the Divine One. Praise Him alone."

[Rigveda 8:1:1]10



"Devasya samituk parishtutih"

"Verily, great is the glory of the Divine Creator."

[Rigveda 5:1:81]11



Brahma Sutra of Hinduism:



The Brahma Sutra of Hinduism is:



"Ekam Brahm, dvitiya naste neh na naste kinchan"



"There is only one God, not the second; not at all, not at all, not in the least bit."



Thus only a dispassionate study of the Hindu scriptures can help one understand the concept of God in Hinduism
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